Sociology is the scientific study of society, including patterns of social relationships, social interaction and culture. It uses critical analysis to study human behavior. Issues such as gender identity, behavioral aspects of an individual, family issues and religious faith are studied under personal level and global level involves the study of economic development, poverty, rise in population etc. In between these extremes, societal considerations such as discrimination, education, business firms, crime, poverty and wealth falls under sociology.
Skills required in order to pursue a career in Sociology:
- Critical Analysis
- Reasoning skills
- Communication and Interpersonal skills
- Effective Decision making
- Marketing and organizational skills
A number of branches exists in sociology. To name a few:
- This branch of sociology determines the reasons for the criminal behavior of a person,types and causes of crime and how it
can be prevented. It also deals with the laws and the punishments for the crime.
2.2 Sociology of Religion:
- Each group residing in the society is bounded by religion. The social behavior and the mindset of the people is highly influenced
by religion. This branch of sociology studies the impact of religion on human behavior. It also studies the role of religious
institutions in our society.
2.3 Sociology of Economy:
- Economic activities in the country includes all those activities that foster the economic development of the country. These
activities include production, distribution, consumption and exchange of goods and services within the country as well
as outside the country.eg: A Demand driven model is followed in Indian economy. Sociology of Economy deals with the pros
and cons of this model.
2.4 Rural Sociology:
- This branch of sociology deals with the rural population, the reason for their migration towards the urban areas (unemployment).
It also deals with the culture, beliefs and customs and traditions of the rural population which is altogether different
from the urban population. It may be due to the lack of exposure in the rural areas.
2.5 Urban Sociology:
2.6 Political sociology:
- This involves the study of political parties, functioning of these political parties, their viewpoints and ideologies and
also their origin. The behavior and the actions of these political parties is monitored as they form a part of the society.
2.7 Sociology of law:
- This branch of sociology deals with the study of law and order in the society. Moral conduct of the individuals within the
society, formulation and implementation of rules and regulation is studied under this branch of sociology.
3. Careers in Sociology
Counselling involves showing the right direction to the students in terms of career. The students are provided with the right
guidance from the counsellors to make right career choices. The choices are made through evaluation of the student’s
aptitude and interests in a particular field of study.
Human Resource Representatives find the suitable candidates for a particular job role. For this they have to possess managerial
as well as decision making skills which can be learnt through sociology. They must also possess good communication
and interpersonal skills as they have to interact with number of people around.
Human Resource Representatives are also responsible for solving the conflicts and personnel problems within the organization.
Law involves decision making and analytical skills to study the cases. The cases may comprise of family matters, child adoption,
criminal offense, medical issues, government properties etc.
Lawyers are expected to present their findings and judgements before the jury or opposition in order to win the case.
Study of Management involves developing the quantitative aptitude for making right decisions about business issues. The problem
solving skills developed thus help the students to find an effective solution to a given business problem.
The students must also be well versed with the written and public speaking skills in order to write reports and develop presentations about the analysis and solutions for the clients.
- Market Research involves testing of products and services of the company for their effectiveness. It also involves writing
reports about the findings of the products and services. Market Research analysts employ statistical tools to gather
data and analyze data.
- Guidance Counsellors
- Human Resource Representatives
- Management Consultants
- Market Research Analysts
- Media Planners
- Policy Analysts
- Public Relation (PR) Specialists
- Social Workers
5. Education Track
To become a sociologist, one should go for a Bachelor in Arts degree (BA) with Sociology as major subject after completing 10+2 level in preferable Social studies. This is a 3 years degree course.
After completing BA in Sociology, one should go for a Master’s degree in Sociology. Having a Master’s degree in Sociology would be prove to be beneficial to get good remuneration. This is a 2 years course.
Ph.D in Sociology will add another feather to a cap.
6. Career Path
Sociologists can pursue a career in diverse fields such as research institutes, law firms, public health organization, private business firms, international organization, educational institutions and advertising agencies.
Sociologists can also work in non-profit organization such as public health care centers and government and government institutions.
Starting salary of a sociologist can vary from 8000 to 10,000 per month. However it may increase depending upon the knowledge and experience.
7. Role Models
An eminent Indian Sociologist who worked on caste system prevalent in India. A Brahmin by birth completed his PhD in Sociology from University of Bombay.
An American by birth is a writer, scholar and a sociologist. Worked on anti- caste movements, Dalit politics and women struggles in India.She was also a professor of Sociology in University of Pune.