1. Career Overview
Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field mainly involving molecular biology and genetics, computer science, mathematics, and statistics.The information technology applied to the biological information to receive, analyze and retrieve the biological data.
Bioinformatics basically study areas of
2. Origin and History
A century ago, bioinformatics history started with an Austrian monk named Gregor Mendel. He is known as the "Father of Genetics".
The understanding of genetics has advanced remarkably in the last thirty years.
3. Education Track
This course explores how computer science and mathematics, supported by information technology, have combined with modern laboratory technologies to solve previously intractable problems in the life sciences.
3.1 Undergraduate Entry Point
4. Specialization or Branches
3.1.1 Eligibility Criteria
Candidates must have passed 10+2 with minimum qualifying marks in aggregate with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core subjects.One has to get 50% of marks in each of these subjects.
- Emerging field with lots of upcoming options.
- Candidate is focused on information analysis and management in biotechnology to understand the working of the human body.
- Better understanding of core courses as these are taught in detail.
- For B.Techstudents,they have a better understanding of basics of engineering and information technology.
- All these courses are in popular demand and they open a lot of scope for career prospects.
- Since bioinformatics is a combination of all the subjects a student with pure biology may find it hard to understand the concepts of computers and data bases initially.
- Good innovative mind and analytical skills are required for better understanding the concepts of this study and who lacks cannot success in this field.
- Most candidates do not realize their interests until they begin studying the same. It would be quite difficult for a non interestedstudent to apply himself over a period of their course. 3.2 Post Graduate Entry Point
3.2.1 Eligibility Criteria
Candidates having a bachelor's degree in computer science and an additional degree in biology are eligible to apply for higher studies in bioinformatics. One should have pursued the following subjects:
Life science/mathematics/statistics/computers/information technology in one’s graduation. To pursue a course in IIT requires candidates a must qualify in the IIT-JEE entrance exams.
The following universities offer cources in bioinformatics for both UG and PG graduates.
- Jawaharlal Nehru University,NewDelhi. - WelingkarInstitiute of Management,Mumbai(Maharashtra). - Institute of Bioinformaticsand Applied biology ,Bengaluru,(Karnataka). - SRM ,SASTRA,Sathyabama are some of the Universities in Tamilnadu. - Courses are even offered in collaboration with foreign Universities.
3.2.1 Benefits of Post Graduate Entry
- Student has broad understanding of the subject and chooses to study it to better his job prospects or gain a deeper understanding of the subject. - Demand of the trained and skilled personnel, has opened up a new carrier option as bioinformaticians as high in academic institution and in the bioindustries. - Employers play an active role in our degrees by delivering technical lectures or taking a role in professional skills modules. Many PhD programmes include training and work experience in commercial laboratories. - Professionally trained student can get abroad job opportunities.
3.2.2 Challenges of Post Graduate Entry
- A student from a non related field (For example, aerospace engineering) may find it tough to keep pace with the other students. - Student may have to put in extra effort to better understand the taught concepts. - In the genetics research community have a lot of work to do to successfully fulfill the promise of personalized medicine, advanced crop development and effective biofuel production, amongst other things.
Students learn simple programming language approaches using Python to automate the use of bioinformatics tools and interpret their output. Basic concepts of probability are introduced to help understand the significance of results. Areas of bioinformatics discussed include
4.1 Sequence Analysis
5. Career Path
4.2 Gene and protein expression
4.3 Structural Bioinformatics
4.4 Network and System Biology
4.5 Software and Tools Development
4.6 Developing Databases
4.7 Biodiversity Informatics
4.8 Drug designing and development
4.9 Analysis of cellular Organization