Anthropology is a science that deals with various aspects of human beings such as how human beings have evolved over a period
of time, how they have adapted to the surroundings, means of livelihood during the stone -age period etc. It also considers
the relationship of a human being with other human beings and animals. Various societies of humans have evolved since
the stone-age period. The behavior of human beings, the type of food they consume, the type of attire worn and the customs
and traditions practiced by various groups of humans is studied under anthropology. The language used to communicate
with each other also falls under anthropology.
Archeology is a branch of science studied under anthropology. The people who are well versed with archeology are known as archaeologists. Archeologists find out how people lived in the ancient times, the way they built their houses and the day to day activities carried out to earn a living. This is done by digging the soil and carefully analyzing it. Eg:Harappan civilization was determined by the archeologists by studying the soil.
2.2 Biological anthropology
Studies how man evolved from the primates (apes and monkeys), adapted to its immediate surroundings and the diseases prevalent that time. Also studies how each human being is biologically different from the other yet similar in some aspects. In other words, it considers the biological differences between the human beings.
2.3 Cultural anthropology
This branch of anthropology deals with the cultural differences of human beings. Cultural differences involve how people act, speak, eat, dress and interact with other human beings. It also involves studying the various customs and traditions practiced by the different groups of people. This is essential to understand humans on a broader level.
2.4 Linguistic anthropology
As the name suggests, this branch of anthropology deals with the language used by the people to communicate with each other. Language has evolved over time. Language aids the way we communicate to the outside world and express ourselves. Linguistic anthropology studies the various form of language used to build the human relations.
3.1 Academic careers
Various departments of anthropology are established in schools and college for teaching and carrying out the research work. Anthropologists write research articles and books.
3.2 Corporate and business careers
Anthropologists work in a corporate and business sectors too for identifying the needs of the consumer and also studying the buying pattern of the consumer which may not be always evident in the statistical surveys. This way the anthropologists help in the betterment of the products thus facilitating growth of business.
3.3 Government careers
State level government hire anthropologists for planning, research, development and management of the state properties.
3.4 Non-profit careers
Health organization hire anthropologists for developing and implementing wide variety of programs.
4. Job Roles
- Medical Researcher
- Field Investigator
- Education Anthropologist
- Economic Anthropologist
- Business Anthropologist
5. Education track
B.Sc. in Anthropology can be pursued after 10+2 level in Science stream followed by M.Sc. in Anthropology. Most of the organisations and job opening prefer candidates with a masters degree.
6. Career path
As shown in the figure below, a student can pursue a career in anthropology even after doing 12th in humanities and thereby pursuing BA (Bachelor of Arts) and MA (Master of Arts) in Anthropology as a specialization subject.
7. Role Models in Anthropology
- Tori Randall( www.careergirls.org)
- Jamie stott